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大型数据库复习

时间:2019-02-11 19:12:23      阅读:59      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:数据   compute   har   actor   creat   ace   exist   end   函数   

create database 教师管理
create table Teachers(
TID varchar(50) not null,
TName varchar(50) null,
TGender varchar(50) null,
TTitle varchar(50) null,
TSalary int null,
TDeptID varchar(50) null,
primary key(TID)
)
create table Departments(
DeptID varchar(50) not null,
DeptName varchar(50) null,
DeptSuperID varchar(50) null,
PRIMARY KEY(DeptID)
)
INSERT INTO DEPARTMENTS VALUES (‘1‘,‘Computer‘,‘J001‘)
INSERT INTO DEPARTMENTS VALUES (‘2‘,‘English‘,‘W001‘)
INSERT INTO DEPARTMENTS VALUES (‘3‘,‘Economy‘,‘JG001‘)

INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘J001‘,‘张林‘,‘男‘,‘教授‘,5500,‘1‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘J002‘,‘赵强‘,‘男‘,‘副教授‘,5000,‘1‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘J003‘,‘陈伟‘,‘男‘,‘教授‘,5600,‘1‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘J004‘,‘张婷婷‘,‘女‘,‘讲师‘,4000,‘1‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘JG001‘,‘吕楠‘,‘女‘,‘教授‘,5200,‘3‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘JG002‘,‘孙新林‘,‘男‘,‘讲师‘,3800,‘3‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘W001‘,‘卓华‘,‘男‘,‘教授‘,5800,‘2‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘W002‘,‘谢世杰‘,‘男‘,‘讲师‘,3800,‘2‘)
INSERT INTO TEACHERS VALUES(‘W003‘,‘陈芳‘,‘女‘,‘助教‘,3000,‘2‘)

select from Teachers
select
from Departments
//添加外键
alter table Departments add constraint con_1 foreign key(deptsuperid) references Teachers(TID)
alter table Teachers add constraint con_2 foreign key(TDeptID) references Departments(DeptID)

select from Teachers
select
from Departments
//显式事务 try…catch回滚
go
begin try
begin transaction
insert into teachers values(‘2015‘,‘蛊‘,‘男‘,null,null,null)
insert into departments values(‘4‘,‘Petroleum‘,‘123456‘)
commit tran
end try
begin catch
rollback transaction
end catch
select from Teachers
select
from Departments
go

//显式事务@@error回滚
go
declare @del_error int,@ins_error int
begin transaction
insert into Teachers(tid,tname,tgender) values (‘2015‘,‘更好‘,‘男‘)
select @del_error =@@ERROR
insert into Departments (DeptID ,DeptName ,DeptSuperID )values(‘4‘,‘Petroleum‘,‘123456‘)
select @ins_error =@@ERROR
if @del_error =1 and @ins_error =1
begin
commit tran
end
else
begin
rollback tran
end
go
select *from Departments
//删除主键和约束
alter table departments drop constraint con_1
alter table teachers drop constraint PK__Teachers__C456D7297F60ED59
alter table teachers drop constraint con_2
alter table departments drop constraint PK__Departme__0148818E03317E3D
//创建索引并查看
go
create unique clustered index ix_TID on teachers(TID)
with (fillfactor=70)
go
sp_helpindex ‘teachers‘
//创建视图 instead of触发器
go
create view Teachers_Dept5
as
select tid,Tname,Tdeptid,deptname from Teachers,Departments
go

create trigger t5 on Teachers_Dept
instead of insert
as
declare @tid1 varchar(50),@Tname1 varchar(50),@Tdeptid1 varchar(50),@deptname1 varchar(50)
select @tid1=tid,@Tname1=Tname,@Tdeptid1=Tdeptid,@deptname1=deptname
from inserted

insert Teachers(tid,tname,Tdeptid)values(‘P001‘,‘李华斌‘,‘5‘)
insert departments(deptid,deptname)values(‘5‘,‘Production‘)

select * from Teachers_Dept
select * from departments

//添加列,游标计算
alter table departments add DeptCount int null
declare @sum int,@Tdeptid varchar(30)
declare num cursor
for select Tdeptid from Teachers join Departments
on TDeptID=DeptID
open num
fetch next from num into @Tdeptid
while(@@FETCH_STATUS=0)
begin

select @sum=COUNT() from Teachers join Departments
on TDeptID=DeptID
where TDeptID=@Tdeptid
update Departments
set DeptCount=@sum
where current of num
fetch next from num into @Tdeptid
end
close num
deallocate num
select
from Departments

//DBCC分析
dbcc traceon(3604)
dbcc extentinfo(教师管理,departments)
dbcc page(教师管理,1,21,1)
30000800 04000000 04000003 0014001c
00200031 436f6d70 75746572 4a303031
30:状态位,表示变长
0800:表示找到字段数的位置
04000000:代表第四个字段的值为4
0400:表示字段数
03:null位图
1400,1c00:表示第2变长个字段,第3个变长字段结束位置
436f6d70 75746572 4a30:代表computer 30为随机数
4a303031:表示字段三数据
//自定义函数
go
create function demo7(@name varchar(30))
returns int
as
begin
declare @sum int
select @sum=count() from Teachers join Departments
on TDeptID=DeptID where DeptName=@name and TGender=‘女‘
return (@sum)
end
go
print dbo.demo7(‘Computer‘)
//存储过程
go
create proc num1(@deptid varchar(30),@aversal int output)
as
begin
if not exists(select
from Departments where DeptName=@deptid)
print ‘该部门不存在‘
else
select AVG(TSalary) from Teachers join Departments on TDeptID=DeptID where DeptName=@deptid
end
declare @sal int
exec num1 ‘English‘,@sal output
print @sal
go
//insert触发器等等
go
create trigger t_name on Teachers
for insert(update,delete)
as
declare @avgsalary int
select @avgsalary = AVG(TSalary) from Teachers t join Departments d on t.TDeptID=d.DeptID group by d.DeptName
update Departments
set DeptAvgSalary = @avgsalary
select DeptAvgSalary from Departments where DeptName = ‘Computer‘
insert into Teachers (TID,TName,Tsalary) values(‘10086‘,‘张老师‘,5000)
select DeptAvgSalary from Departments where DeptName = ‘Computer‘
go

大型数据库复习

标签:数据   compute   har   actor   creat   ace   exist   end   函数   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/Damonblogs/p/10219203.html

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